Environmental Kuznets Curve

Environmental pollution and economic development: Explaining the existence of an Environmental Kuznets curve». Journal of Applied Economic Sciences VI (2(16)): 144-157

In this paper we examine the concept of an Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in a critical way aiming to justify its existence as well as to propose policies compatible with sustainable development. For this reason, we make use of a data set on CO2 emissions for 32 countries over a 36 year time period. For this balanced panel database, we apply a number of econometric methods to estimate the income-environment relationship. Our results indicate the existence of N-shaped relationship between economic development and pollution.