stochastic kernel

Regional economic growth and environmental eciency in greenhouse emissions: A conditional directional distance function approach. MPRA Paper. 40015, University Library of Munich, Germany.

By using conditional directional distance functions this paper investigates the effect of regional economic growth on regions’ environmental efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions. A sample of ninety eight regions (NUTS 2 level) from Germany, France and the U.K. has been used and regional environmental inefficiencies have been obtained using both the unconditional and conditional output directional distance functions. The results reveal that German regions have the highest environmental efficiency levels.