Testing the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve for sulfur using panel data models, Tribune of Social Science, 37: 135-158 (2003)

Testing the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve for sulfur using panel data models, Tribune of Social Science, 37: 135-158 (2003)

This paper uses a dynamic panel data for 73 (23 OECD and 50 non-OECD) countries for the time period 1960-1990 in order to estimate the relationship between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and pollution in the form of sulphur emissions. For performing our empirical estimation fixed and random effects are used. This analysis shows significant differences between the most industrialized countries and the rest of the countries considered. This implies that a uniform policy to control pollution is not adequate. It is necessary to take into consideration the specific economic situation as well as the structure of the industrial and the business sectors in each country. Finally, in terms of policy implications, the study presents the main abatement options for sulphur reduction.