Sustainable development in an N-rich/N-poor world, AMBIO, 2014.

Sustainable development in an N-rich/N-poor world, AMBIO 43(7): 891-905. (SCOPUS, ISI Listed, impact factor: 2.289 and 5-year 3.083). In common with Charles Perrings and Ann Kinzig (2014).

Sustainable development requires that per capita inclusive wealth—produced, human nd natural capital—does not decline over time. We investigate the impact of changes n nitrogen on inclusive wealth. There are two sides to the nitrogen problem. Excess se of nitrogen in some places gives rise to N-pollution, which can cause nvironmental damage. Insufficient replacement of nitrogen in other places gives rise o N-depletion, or loss of nutrient stocks. Neither is explicitly accounted for in current ealth measures, but both affect wealth. We calculate an index of net N-replacement, nd investigate its relationship to wealth. In countries with low levels of relative N-loss, e find that the uncompensated loss of soil nitrogen in poorer countries is associated ith declining rates of growth of inclusive per capita wealth. What is less intuitive is that ncreasing fertilizer application in both rich and poor countries can increase per capita nclusive wealth.